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Mars - Larry Russell Kellogg



When do we go to Mars?

Mars Exploration You may want to go and see what has been done on the quest for Mars so far.
At the following JPL web site you can read about the Past, Present, and Future missions to Mars.

In the picture to the left you see some astronauts. Just a painting. We have yet to make that a reality. Maybe you will change that.

Original artwork by Paul Hudson; July 12, 1990. Image Number: AC90-0405-4. Courtesy of NASA Ames Imaging Library Server.

Harvesting Mars


MARIE: The Martian Radiation Environment Experiment

Led by NASA's Johnson Space Center, this science investigation is designed to characterize aspects of the radiation environment both on the way to Mars and in the Martian orbit.

Mars Exploration Since space radiation presents an extreme hazard to crews of interplanetary missions, the experiment will attempt to predict anticipated radiation doses that would be experienced by future astronauts and help determine possible effects of Martian radiation on human beings.

Space radiation comes from cosmic rays emitted by our local star, the sun, and from stars beyond our solar system as well. Space radiation can trigger cancer and cause damage to the central nervous system.



MARS Home Page  

Beyond Apollo for some missions that did not take place

Los Alamos releases new maps of Mars water:

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano,, (505) 667-0471 (03-101)

Contact: Jim Danneskiold,, (505) 667-1640

"LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 24, 2003 -- 'Breathtaking' new maps of likely sites of water on Mars showcase their association with geologic features such as Vallis Marineris, the largest canyon in the solar system.
The maps detail the distribution of water-equivalent hydrogen as revealed by Los Alamos National Laboratory-developed instruments aboard NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft. In an upcoming talk at the Sixth International Conference on Mars at the California Institute of Technology, in Pasadena, Los Alamos space scientist Bill Feldman and coworkers will offer current estimates of the total amount of water stored near the Martian surface. His presentation will be at 1:20 p.m., Friday, July 25.
For more than a year, Los Alamos' neutron spectrometer has been carefully mapping the hydrogen content of the planet's surface by measuring changes in neutrons given off by soil, an indicator of hydrogen likely in the form of water-ice. The new color maps are available at online.
'The new pictures are just breathtaking, the water-equivalent hydrogen follows the geographic features beautifully,' said Feldman. 'There's a lane of hydrogen-rich material following the western slopes of the biggest volcanoes in the solar system, a maximum reading sits right on Elysium mons, and another maximum is in the deepest canyon in the solar system.'"

Athena Cornell - Mars Exploration Rovers

Mars Exploration Rovers Mission

MER-A Spirit

MER-B Opportunity

Optical Designs for the Mars '03 Rover Cameras (1.6 meg, 14 page, pdf file.)

Mars Exploration Rover Launches Press Kit June 2003 (983 KB, 46 page, pdf file.)

Mars Exploration Rover Landings Press Kit January 2004 (310 KB, 46 page, pdf file.)



Some day we may be going to Mars. If this interests you then the web sites listed below will have more information.


See home page for Mars Atmosphere Modeling Group at the Space Science Division, NASA Ames Research Center.


The Exploring Mars site will let you look at Mars from different points of view. From there you can go on to explore other planets.



Scientific American: Why Go to Mars?
In the first of this group of articles about human missions to Mars, staff writer Glenn Zorpette examines the main goal: looking for life

Scientific American: The Mars Direct Plan
A leading advocate of manned missions to Mars, Robert Zubrin, outlines his relatively inexpensive plan to send astronauts to the Red Planet within a decade




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